What is the Average Payout for Unfair Dismissal in UK?

Did you know that unfair dismissal claims in the UK have resulted in an average payout of £12,701? That’s right, employees who have been wrongfully dismissed have been awarded significant compensation for the loss of their jobs and the impact it has had on their lives and livelihoods.

Unfair dismissal is a serious matter that is governed by UK employment law, and employees have the right to seek compensation if they have been unfairly treated by their employers. Understanding the average payout for unfair dismissal can provide valuable insights into the scale of this issue and the impact it can have on individuals.

In the UK, if a tribunal decides that an employee has been unfairly dismissed, they can receive compensation in the form of a basic award and a compensatory award. The basic award takes into account factors such as length of service, age, and gross weekly pay, while the compensatory award factors in the financial losses incurred as a result of losing the job, as well as other considerations such as future losses and loss of statutory rights.

Calculating the exact amount of compensation can be complex and depends on the specific circumstances of each case. However, understanding the factors that contribute to the calculation, such as the basic award and compensatory award, can help individuals assess their potential entitlement and seek appropriate legal advice if necessary.

If you’ve experienced unfair dismissal or want to learn more about UK employment law surrounding unfair dismissal, keep reading to discover how the basic award and compensatory award are calculated, how the length of compensation is determined, and the factors that can increase or reduce unfair dismissal compensation.

How is the Basic Award Calculated in Unfair Dismissal?

In cases of unfair dismissal, the basic award is determined based on several factors, including the length of employment, age, and gross weekly pay. These calculations are governed by the Employment Rights Act 1996 in the UK. If a dismissal occurs on or after 6 April 2024, the maximum amount for a week’s pay in the basic award is £700.

But how exactly is the basic award calculated?

If an individual has worked for their employer for at least two years and has regular hours, the basic award can be determined using the same formula as statutory redundancy pay. This means that the number of complete years of employment, the employee’s weekly pay (up to the maximum of £700), and their age are all taken into consideration.

Is there any scenario where a basic award may not be granted?

If an individual has been made redundant from their job and received statutory redundancy pay, they may not be eligible for a basic award unless the tribunal determines that redundancy was not the true reason for the dismissal. Statutory redundancy pay may cover the compensation for the loss of employment, negating the need for a separate basic award.

“The basic award in unfair dismissal cases is calculated based on the length of employment, age, and gross weekly pay.”

Understanding how the basic award is calculated in cases of unfair dismissal is vital for both employees and employers. It ensures fairness in compensating employees for the loss of their job and helps maintain the integrity of employment rights.

basic award calculator

How is the Compensatory Award Calculated in Unfair Dismissal?

In cases of unfair dismissal, the compensatory award is calculated by considering various factors, including the individual’s weekly or monthly income after tax and national insurance deductions. This includes any regular overtime and bonuses they may have received. Additionally, other benefits provided by the employer, such as pension contributions or accommodation, may also be taken into account.

The compensatory award aims to cover both past and future losses experienced as a result of the unfair dismissal. It considers the impact of the dismissal on the individual’s financial situation, including any loss of earnings they may experience in the future.

In addition to compensating for financial losses, the compensatory award also takes into consideration the loss of statutory rights that may have occurred due to the unfair dismissal. These rights can include protections related to employment contracts, working hours, and other employment-related benefits.

The length of time for which compensation is awarded is dependent on the individual’s employment status. If the person has found a new job, the compensation covers the period of unemployment and the associated financial losses. On the other hand, if the individual is still in search of employment, the compensatory award takes into account the projected length of time it would reasonably take for them to find another job.

Compensatory Award Calculation in Unfair Dismissal

It’s essential to note that the compensatory award is a complex calculation that considers multiple factors and varies from case to case. The goal is to ensure that individuals are adequately compensated for their financial losses and the impact of the unfair dismissal on their overall employment situation.

How is the Length of Compensation Determined in Unfair Dismissal?

The length of compensation in unfair dismissal cases is calculated based on whether an individual has found a new job or is still in the process of searching for employment. If an individual has already secured a new job, their compensation is determined by calculating the amount of money lost during the period of unemployment. This includes any difference in pay if the new job pays less than their previous one.

If the individual is still actively looking for work, their compensation is calculated based on the projected length of time it will take to find another job. The tribunal takes into account the person’s reasonable efforts to find work, considering factors such as job market conditions and the individual’s work experience.

finding a new job

In situations where it may take longer to find suitable employment, the compensation awarded reflects the anticipated duration of the job search. It is important for the individual to demonstrate that they are actively engaged in job-seeking activities and making reasonable efforts to secure employment.

Ultimately, the compensation amount is determined by the tribunal based on the individual’s specific circumstances and the prevailing factors influencing their ability to find work.

Factors That Can Increase or Reduce Unfair Dismissal Compensation

Unfair dismissal compensation can be influenced by various factors that either increase or reduce the amount awarded. Understanding these factors is essential for both employers and employees involved in unfair dismissal cases.

ACAS Code of Practice

The ACAS Code of Practice on disciplinary and grievance procedures plays a significant role in awarding unfair dismissal compensation. If an employer fails to adhere to this code, the compensation can be increased by 10 to 25%.

Written Statement of Terms and Conditions

In addition to the ACAS Code of Practice, employers are required to provide employees with a written statement of their terms and conditions of employment within two months of their start date. Failing to do so can result in an additional 2 or 4 weeks’ pay being awarded as compensation.

Mitigating Loss

The compensatory award in unfair dismissal cases aims to compensate for the loss incurred by the employee. However, if the employee has not made reasonable efforts to mitigate their loss by seeking alternative employment, the compensation can be reduced.

Employee’s Conduct

If the employee is found to be partly responsible for their dismissal or if the employer could have conducted the dismissal fairly using the correct procedures, the compensation may be reduced accordingly.

Welfare Benefits

In the case where the employee received welfare benefits after being dismissed, the amount received may be deducted from the awarded compensation. This ensures that the employee is not overcompensated for their loss.

It is important for both employers and employees to be aware of these factors when navigating unfair dismissal cases. Employers must follow the ACAS Code of Practice, provide written statements of terms and conditions, and ensure fair procedures are followed, while employees must make reasonable efforts to mitigate their loss and actively seek new employment opportunities.


Understanding the unfair dismissal claims process is crucial for anyone seeking a fair resolution. The settlement amount in an unfair dismissal case can vary significantly depending on the specific circumstances involved. Factors such as the basic award, compensatory award, and potential increases or reductions play a role in determining the final compensation.

When navigating the claims process, it is advisable to seek guidance from an experienced employment law solicitor. They can provide the necessary expertise to help you navigate the complexities of the process and advocate for your rights. Additionally, online calculators can provide preliminary estimates of potential compensation amounts, giving you a general idea of what to expect.

Unfair dismissal cases are governed by specific laws and regulations, which must be taken into account when pursuing a claim. Familiarizing yourself with the unfair dismissal law can empower you to assert your rights effectively. By understanding the process, working with a solicitor, and utilizing online resources, you can increase the likelihood of achieving a fair settlement in your unfair dismissal case.


How is the basic award calculated in unfair dismissal?

The basic award in unfair dismissal cases is calculated based on the length of employment, age, and gross weekly pay. The maximum amount for a week’s pay is £700 if dismissed on or after 6 April 2024. It can be calculated using the same formula as statutory redundancy pay for employees with at least 2 years of service and regular hours.

How is the compensatory award calculated in unfair dismissal?

The compensatory award in unfair dismissal cases is calculated based on the person’s weekly or monthly income after tax and national insurance deductions, including any regular overtime and bonuses. It also takes into account other benefits received from the employer. The compensatory award covers past and future losses, as well as compensation for loss of statutory rights if applicable.

How can I navigate the unfair dismissal claims process and negotiate a fair settlement?

Unfair dismissal claims can be complex, and it is advisable to consult with an employment law solicitor who can provide guidance on navigating the claims process and negotiating a fair settlement. Online calculators can also provide estimates of potential compensation amounts.

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